In a large bowl or the bowl of a stand mixer, beat together the butter and sugars until light and fluffy. Add the egg and vanilla and beat until smooth.
Add the flour, salt, baking soda, cream of tartar, cinnamon, cardamom, ginger, cloves, and black pepper, and mix until combined.
Chill the dough in the refrigerator for 30 minutes. Toward the end of the chilling time, preheat the oven to 300 and line two baking sheets with parchment or silicone liners.
Roll the dough into 1 inch balls, then roll each ball in the cinnamon sugar. Place one inch apart on the prepared baking sheets. Bake 12-13 minutes, or until just golden on the bottom.
Remove from oven and let cool for a few minutes before removing to a cooling rack. Enjoy!